At times, two or more bites can be edited together to make one thought or two thoughts that might naturally follow one another.
Depending on the style dictated by your employer, the bites can be covered by footage or a reporter cutaway (more on that below). Also, a video effect or simply allowing a "jump cut" to air might also be permissible, again, depending on what your employer dictates.
As we stated earlier in this chapter, when scripting into a sound bite, do not repeat what the person is about to say, but rather paraphrase what their quote is about, allowing the bite to effectively finish or expand on your lead-in.
When you script after a bite, you might want to occasionally pick up on a key word or two from that bite, using it to transition to the next element. Transitions are an important part of scripting. They help to quickly and smoothly steer the viewer or listener toward new angles of the story. Natural sound can also be a good way to efficiently and effectively introduce a new angle or element of a story, either by cutting directly to that sound hit or by allowing the audio to "leak" under your previous video for a second or two first, then doing a so-called dissolve or "split edit." Quick sound bites are also good for transitions. Video effects can also be used, but be judicious. You want to use a video effect for a specific reason in the storytelling process, not make it look like a cheap car commercial!
Video footage will not only be used to cover the reporter's voiceover, but it might also be used to cover some or all of a sound bite if it is important and helps to do so. The natural sound that accompanies the footage should be mixed in with the sound bite or the voiceover. And while you're editing, feel free to use the various angles of something you shot in order to enhance the visuals and advance the storytelling.
In certain interviews—particularly those for features—"cutaways" can be used. A cut-away is a shot of the reporter listening as the interviewee is speaking or it can be the reporter asking a question. The former can be an effective way of covering two sound bites that are "butted together" to avoid so-called "jump cuts" (other times, a video effect can be used between jump cuts or, if your policy allows, simply leave the jump cut in). When a good follow-up question is asked, video showing the reporter asking the question can be used. Both the listening cutaway and the restating of a question is often recorded after the interview is complete, with the reporter simply restating the question, either shooting over the interviewee's shoulder or utilizing a close-up of the reporter, where the interview subject could already have left the room.